1980 fiat 131




1980 fiat 131

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    1980 fiat 131

    1980 fiat 131

    This car had four round headlights the inner headlights being smaller than the outer ones, unlike any other Mirafiori model produced , different grille, spoilers and extended wheel arches, and a short-throw 5 speed gearbox. The Fiat used steel monocoque bodywork for its three-box design and used a front engine , rear-wheel drive layout, where the engine is longitudinally front-mounted. Views Read Edit View history. Diesel engined versions also had four round headlights equally sized , and a noticeable and characteristic bump in the hood to accommodate the taller engine. Mechanically, Mirafiori versions now received overhead cam engines rather than pushrod versions; a new 1.

    1980 fiat 131

    1980 fiat 131

    1980 fiat 131

    1980 fiat 131

    1980 fiat 131

    Fiat for sale | Classic Driver

    The Fiat is a family sedan manufactured and marketed by Fiat from to after its debut at the Turin Motor Show. Available as a two-door and four-door saloon and 5-door estate across a single generation, the succeeded the Fiat The was also marketed as the Fiat Mirafiori, after the Turin suburb where the cars were manufactured.

    Initially, the was offered with 1. When production ended in , 1,, models had been marketed. The Fiat used steel monocoque bodywork for its three-box design and used a front engine , rear-wheel drive layout, where the engine is longitudinally front-mounted.

    1980 fiat 131

    The gearbox is directly behind the engine, and a tubular propeller shaft , under the transmission "tunnel", transmits the drive to a solid live rear axle.

    The engines were all inline-four types, derived from those used in the outgoing range, with a cast iron cylinder block and aluminium alloy cylinder head. Initially the was offered only with pushrod valve gear, which offered the innovation of being the worldwide first engine with OHV valve gear and a belt driven camshaft. Fuel supply was via a single Weber ADF twin- choke carburettor , fed from a trunk mounted steel fuel tank. Traditional contact breaker ignition systems were used, usually with Marelli distributors.

    1980 fiat 131

    The suspension system utilised fully independent front suspension, with MacPherson struts , track control arms and anti-roll bar. The rear suspension was quite advanced when using a solid live rear axle , in that the rear axle was controlled by double unequal length trailing arms and a panhard rod , with coil springs and direct acting dampers. This design proved far superior to many of its contemporaries, especially with vehicle stability and handling.

    The braking system was also typical; the front brakes were disc brakes , using a solid iron disc and a single-piston sliding caliper. The rears were drum brakes a technological backwards step from the , which used discs all round , utilising leading and trailing shoe design operated by a dual piston fixed slave cylinder.

    They were operated hydraulically , with a tandem master cylinder assisted by a vacuum servo using two separate circuits. A rear-mounted load sensing valve varied the bias of effort applied to the rear brakes, dependent on the load being carried and also the pitch dynamics caused by braking effort and road levels. A centrally located floor mounted handbrake operated on the rear axle using bowden cables. The car's interior had its secondary dashboard switches illuminated by a central bulb with fibre optic distribution to the switches.

    1980 fiat 131

    Both engines were fitted with a single twin-choke Weber 32 ADF downdraught carburettor. A 4-speed manual transmission was standard, with a 5-speed manual and a 3-speed torque converter automatic optional on the engine only. The initial range comprised eleven different models. Next was the better appointed Mirafiori Special or simply "S" , which could be distinguished from the base model by its quadruple circular headlamps, specific grille , side rubbing strips, chrome window surrounds, and rubber bumper inserts.

    Each body style could be combined with either of the engines and trim levels—save for the Special estate which only came with the larger engine. Salvatore Diomante 's Autocostruzioni S. In , examples of the Fiat Abarth Rally were built for homologation purposes. Bertone took part-completed two door standard bodyshells from the production line in Mirafiori, fitted plastic mudguards front and rear, a plastic bonnet and bootlid and modified the metal structure to accept the rear independent suspension.

    1978 WRC Champion Fiat Abarth 131 'Alitalia' Group 4 - One Take



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